Nikolai Gogol Museum in Moscow: A way of living Russian literature
Touring Moscow while traveling is a unique opportunity to get to know amazing places. If you are a fan of Russian literature, here we bring you what to see about Literature in Moscow. For example, visiting the Nikolai Gogol Museum in Moscow is ideal for this occasion.
What to see about Literature in Moscow
Those who enjoy good literature in Moscow will surely have read some or several of the works of the great Russian writers. Lev Tolstoy, Maxim Gorky, Anton Chekhov, Fiódor Dostoyevsky, Nikolai Gogol, Mikhail Bulgakov.
Many hours of writing and inspiration certainly happen in the artist’s house. It would not be interesting to take a tour in Russia. Touring the places that these great artists inhabited? Of course. In knowing the historical places by Russia, you should not miss these sites of great historical and literary wealth.
Russian literature: Visit the Nikolai Gogol Museum in Moscow
One of the options to know is the Nikolai Gogol House Museum in Moscow. In 2009 it was released as the first memorial museum of the Russian literature classic. Thus Moscow celebrated the bicentennial of the birth of the great writer.
Here, in the palace of his friend Alexander Tolstoy. The writer spent the last three years of life. Here he continued writing his great work “Dead Souls” important in literature in Moscow. And right here, in this house; In the middle of a crisis of despair and creative dissatisfaction, he burned the second part of the novel. In this house Nikolai Gogol ceased to exist.
Another place that is interesting to add to the tour is the Gorki house museum, in which the revolutionary writer worked between 1931 and 1936, long enough to write his work “The Life of Klim Samguin”. The interior is a magnificent example of Muscovite modernism by architect Shejtel and the splendid staircase led up the illustrious visitors of the important hall for Russian literature. Rolland, Bernard Shaw, Sadoul.
Literature in Moscow: Gogol
Gogol visited Moscow for the first time in the summer of 1832. Shortly after the launch of “Afternoons at a farm near Dikanka”. The young writer immediately fell in love with this city, often returned here and stayed with friends for a long time. A literary critic of the Moscow University professor Stepan Shevyrev, a famous editor, historian and writer Mikhail Pogodin.
And later acquired permanent housing in Moscow. Gogol returned to Russia from a pilgrimage to the Holy Land in the early winter of 1848 and, at the invitation of Count Alexander Tolstoy and his wife, whom he met abroad, settled on his property on Nikitsky Boulevard.
It is believed that it was Tolstoy who became the prototype of the governor general of the second burned volume of Dead Souls. In his youth, he was the assistant of Nicholas I, later, the civil governor of Tver, the military governor of Odessa, and spent the last years of his life as a member of the State Council. The ancestors of his wife Anna Georgievna were Georgian kings. Like her husband, she was very devoted and led an isolated lifestyle, avoiding the uproar of high society.
The history of the house that became the house of Gogol
Talking about the importance of the appearance of the Nikolai Gogol Museum in Moscow began in 1909. When the centenary of the writer was celebrated. In Soviet times, the theme was returned in the year of the 1959 anniversary, but the writer’s museum was destined to open only in 2009.
The Talyzin-Tolstoy estate on Nikitsky Boulevard until 1966 was a residential building. After the revolution, it was divided into communal apartments, causing significant damage to the interiors. By 1966, when the historic building was transferred to the needs of the library, 77 people lived in the house. Each with an average of approximately eight square meters of living space. After the resettlement in the mansion, repair and restoration work was carried out. That the experts recognized as fruitless, since the genuine elements of the situation were not preserved.
In 1974, the library was named Nikolai Gogol. Then, on the first floor, two commemorative rooms of the writer were opened for visitors.
In 2005, the library became a memorial center, and on March 27, 2009, a Nikolai Gogol Museum officially appeared in Moscow. Now the museum’s exhibition for literature in Moscow consists of six memorial rooms located on the ground floor. Its atmosphere is meticulously recreated according to the memories of the writer’s contemporaries.
Love for knitting and embroidery, sleeping in a chair and other habits
In the hallway there is a walking chest, a coat with a cylinder, as well as a photocopy of a rare posthumous portrait of Gogol in 1852 by Nikolai Andreev, in which the artist portrayed him alive.
The living room contains mahogany furniture from the first half of the 19th century, including a sofa transported from the Pogodin estate to the Field of the Maiden, where Gogol stayed. On the table are books and objects from the personal collection of the descendants of the writer’s sister. Nearby there is a map of eastern Siberia, which refers to the memories of a friend of Gogol, the writer Ivan Aksakov: “One must think that Chichikov at the end of this part will probably be exiled to Siberia for new tricks, since Gogol took many books with atlases and drawings of Siberia. “
The second volume of Dead Souls turned to ashes in this room. The question of what exactly Gogol set on fire before death remains open. Most researchers believe that the white edition of the second volume of Dead Souls has died.
After the writer’s death, Shevyrev, his executor, found drafts scattered on Gogol’s papers. It was with great difficulty that they restored the text of the five chapters of the second volume, which were published in 1855. This edition can be seen on the study shelf adjacent to the living room.
These artists have also been honored with monuments, statues and it is possible to visit the places where they rest for eternity. Do not miss the opportunity to know these relevant places for Russian literature. Visit them on their next trip to Russia.