The Kazan Cathedral in Moscow was built to commemorate the liberation of the Russian state from the Polish-Lithuanian interventionists, which was carried out with the intercession and the help of the Mother of God, who showed her mercy through the miraculous icon of Kazan.
The Kazan Cathedral in Moscow: the wooden church was built with the money of Prince Pozharsky in 1625, but it was burned in 1634. Later the first Russian czar of the Romans Mikhail Feodorovich financed the construction of the new one; in this time of stone. The church was consecrated in the year 1636 and has become one of the most important churches in Moscow, now it is open not only for tourists; but also for believers who come to religious activities.
When touring the Kazan Cathedral in Moscow you must have been rebuilt several times, in the years 1760, 1802-05, 1865. In the years 1925-1933 the architect P.D. Baranovsky decided to restore it to return its original design.
In 1936, in Soviet times, Joseph Stalin gave the order to demolish the churches of the whole city of Moscow. Although Baranovski tried to save her; it did not manage to avoid that it was collapsed (although it obtained it with the Cathedral of San Basilio, that also is located in the Red Place). In this place, at the beginning they built a temporary office building for the Communists; later a cafeteria and public toilets.
The cathedral was restored in 1990-1993 with money from the mayor of Moscow and donations from citizens. The Kazan Cathedral is the first in Moscow, which was completely lost in the Soviet era and then recreated in its original forms; which was possible thanks to the measurements made by the architect P.D. Baranovsky before the destruction and to the historical investigations of S.A. Smirnova
On November 4, 1993 the Kazan Cathedral in Moscow was consecrated by the Patriarch.