Visit the Bajchisarái Khan Palace in Crimea
If you’re in Crimea, take a daytrip to Bajchisarái Khan’s Palace. To see in the Palace of Bajchisarái Khan is to learn about the history of the great poets or writers who referred to the place. Visiting Bajchisarái Khan’s Palace is great.
Excursion to Bajchisarái Khan Palace
The Palace of the beautiful Bajchisarái Khan, the legendary “Garden City”, where you can admire everything here. Great enthusiastic poets wrote about him, as well as writers, musicians and monarchs. This palace is striking and, arguably, a unique example of Crimean-Tatar architecture. It is a city within a city, full of mosques, baths, mausoleums, ornaments, paintings and decorations made with great care and skill. When this site was built, the new Khan; was based on the idea of the realization of the Islamic concepts of celestial tabernacles; and each ruler successively added something of his own. Upon entering the territory of the Khan Palace, you will feel an amazing atmosphere and a mysterious East.
Construction of this wonderful palace began in the 16th century, during the reign of Khan Sahib I Giray. Previously, the residence of the Crimean Khans was in a different place; but the courtyard grew so large that at last the governor, the nobles, and the numerous servants filled the place. It was then decided to build a new palace, of which; today we have the opportunity to admire. The oldest buildings in the complex are the Big Khan Mosque and the Sari-Guzel Baths, built in 1532, with a strict design, there is also an old building with a portal called Demir Kapi (1508), but it’s worth the It is worth noting that it was built elsewhere, and they later moved it here.
Each Khan came up with something new in the palace, the governor wanted to put something in memory of the descendants. During the war between Russia and the Crimean Khanate, when the capital was taken over by the Field Marshal of Munnich, the palace was destroyed, but Captain Manstein was instructed to recreate the description of the palace. . After that, this palace was restored.
In May 1787 the Bajchisarái by Catalina II was visited, where an extensive restoration work was carried out for his arrival. He was with the Empress, and representatives of other major European powers such as the Emperor of Austria Ioisif II, and the Ambassadors of France, Austria and England.
In 1818, on the “Catherine Mile” an inscription was written in Russian and Tatar “In Memory of the Noble Empress Catherine II-I who deigned to be Bakchisarái on May 14, 1787”. The Bahchisarái Palace was later visited by other members of the royal family, such as the emperors Alexander I, Alexander II, Nicholas II, and many other well-known people, including the poets, Pushkin and Zhukovsky, and a WWII hero , General Rajewski. In the difficult years of the Crimean War; the luxurious walls of the palace housed the infirmary, where Nikolai Ivanovich Pirogov operated; a great surgeon, who lived and studied in Moscow.
Description of the Bakhchisaray Khan Palace as a whole
It is possible to enter the territory of the palace complex through one of the entrances. In ancient times there were four of them, for the time being, only two. The north door, the main door, is made of wood, but is upholstered in iron. You can approach them on the bridge over the river Churuk-His.
They recognize the front door next to the arch with the image of 2 interlaced snakes. The meaning of this emblem has its own legend, according to which the old Khan Sahib I Gerai saw two fighting snakes. One of them, wishing to heal his wounds received in battle, immediately plunged into the river’s water and regained his strength. For this reason, the khan chose this area to place the future palace. Above the main door rises the door tower.
Immediately behind the door begins the square of the palace, which is the compositional center of the entire residence. Its south side is built with landscaped terraces, which are clearly visible from the square. Today its stone-paved territory is protected by the shade of numerous trees, and before that the area was sandy and had no vegetation.
To see at the Palace of Bajchisarái Khan:
Khan Palace can be called a “city within a city” because it is huge and has all kinds of attractions. However, the most prominent of them is the Grand Mosque of Khan and Khan-Jami. The dome is a rectangle that has two levels, and a roof. The mosque, as well as many other architectural monuments of the palace, was built in an Ottoman style.
If you look from the outside into the mosque, it looks like you are in a leg position; which rises to the sky of minarets. One of the great and immediate attention is the bed of Khan, richly decorated, painted and elaborated; which, has its own independent entrance. For the mosque borders directly with the old cemetery, the oldest burial is dated 1592.
Another ancient palace, erected in 1532, is a bathing compound called Sari-Guzel, which means that in yellow the translation is “Yellow Beauty.” The building, however, is of enormous power, resembling a Tartar warrior. These baths were built by Byzantine. In this place there are no windows, the light falls here only through the holes in the dome. These holes were worked in the form of stars and half moons. Surprisingly, this old bath worked until the 20’s of the last century.
The Portal de Aleviz
Another is the oldest building in the palace, the Aleviz portal, according to legend, created by an Italian named Nova Aleviz. This portal is outdated and in 1508 it was decorated as the old Khan’s residence in Ashlama Dere.
Bahchisaraj Palace Fountains
At the Bahchisaryskom Palace you have two fountains, one of which is magnificent, pompous, with a complex floral ornament and gold, called “The Golden Fountain”. The other fountain has a modest, very different name, the “Fountain of Tears”. The name received is not accidental. The fountain was built during the reign of Crimean Giray’s Khan in memory of the life of his beloved wife, who died very young, as the fountain has a romantic, sad halo.
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