The Romanov dynasty and Peter the Great

Estatua de Pedro el Grande

The new order would be restored with the arrival of the Romanov dynasty in 1613. His rule would extend for many years, ending with the Russian Revolution in 1917.

The government of Pedro I, nicknamed “The Great” (1672-1725) was essential for the country to adapt the system of European states. The nation grew enormously in geographic extent, concentrated more in the countryside than in the cities. The economy is largely based on agriculture.

It is known the interest and curiosity of Peter the progress of the Western world, both in the military, political and technological levels. This made him an investigator of military tactics, and the first Russian ruler who visited West.

He became Emperor and Czar in 1721, and Muscovy took the official name of the Russian Empire and was reorganized according to the Western model. Thus, Russia would become an absolutist state. During the reign of Peter the Great, tax collection tripled, and founded St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences, started the incorporation of the Orthodox Church to the state administration as a tool and set the foundation for Russia as a modern state.

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