Bolshoi Theatre

Bolshoi Theatre

teatro-bolshoi-1The Bolshoi Theatre is both a theater and a theater, dance and opera based in Moscow, Russia, and an additional unit in Joinville, Brazil. Bolshoi means the word ‘great’ in ruso.La company founded in 1776 by Prince Pyotr Urusov and English entrepreneur Michael Maddox. After three years presented in a private, Maddox in 1780 he built a new theater on the street Petrovka (Petrovsky Theatre), where it remained until the fire that destroyed the building in 1805. The present building was built in 1825 on the ruins Petrovsky, and designed by architect Osip Ivanovich Bovet is, after La Scala, the largest in Europe. At that time, all Russian theaters were imperial propidead. Both in Moscow and in St. Petersburg was one devoted to opera and ballet and other comedies and tragedies. U was originally called Grand Imperial Theatre in Moscow, while St. Petersburg was the Teatr Bolshoi Kamenny (“Great Tede opera were known as” Gran Teatro “(Bolshoi in Russian), and drama were the” Little Theatre ” (Maly). The Bolshoi Moscatro Stone “), predecessor of the current Mariinsky.

teatro-bolshoi-2The Bolshoi was inaugurated on January 18, 1825 with the representation of Catalan theater ballet Bolshoi-2Fernando-Sor, Cinderella. At first, it was an exclusive forum for Russian art; operas presented served as a counterweight to the strong Italian influence of the nineteenth century. Among the favorite composers was Mikhail Glinka and now all seasons begin precisely with an opera by Glinka. From 1840 they began to introduce works by foreign composers.

A fire in 1853 caused extensive damage. The Italian architect Alberto Cavos (son of a composer of ballets, well known in Russia, Catterino Cavos) carried out the reconstruction, which resulted in the reopening 1856.Tras the Russian Revolution, the theater was renamed the State Academic Bolshoi Theatre, nThe theater was closed in 2005 to undertake an ambitious restoration and renovation, the largest of the many that has suffered in its history. Once started, technicians discovered that preserves quombre official. The building was damaged in World War II, but was quickly rebuilt.

The instability of the building was larger than expected, delaying the process and considerably more expensive (eventually about 500 million euros). The reopening, originally scheduled for 2009, was postponed several times. The work tried to recover the original acoustics of the room, which was lost due largely to successive reforms in the Soviet era. The original decoration was restored reconstruction of 1856, including works by specialized craftsmanship. The capacity of the hall was reduced to 1740 instead of 2100 which once had in the Soviet era, in which the audience is sometimes used for political acts of the Communist Party. The Soviet hammer and sickle hung for decades on the main facade, as well as the former imperial box, they have been replaced by the two-headed eagle of the original coat of arms of Russia.

The reopening was held on October 28, 2011, with a gala. The new season began on November 2 with a controversial new production of Ruslan and Lyudmila by Glinka.

During reconstruction, the activity of the company the Bolshoi has continued in the new scenario, enabled in a nearby building, or in the Kremlin Palace theater.