Baikal

??. ?????? ? ?????, ?????? (View of Baikal Lake with Sayan MountOne of the most important and impressive natural attractions in Russia is, without a doubt, Lake Baikal, declared by UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Located in south Siberia, near the city of Irkutsk, the Baikal is also known as the “Blue Eye of Siberia” or “Pearl of Asia”.

Its waters are remarkably clear and, because of its geographical location, are frozen for several months, providing a unique and unforgettable spectacle.

It is one of the largest freshwater reserves in the world and its extension is immense: it occupies more than thirty thousand square kilometers on the surface, with a length of more than six hundred kilometers and a width of eighty kilometers. He also holds the record for being the deepest in the world with more than 1500 meters deep. The landscape is enriched by being surrounded by mountains Baikal in the north, also protected as a national park.

Because of its size, the area has a very rich biodiversity, many plant species, a huge variety of algae, animals that live together in balance.

A marvelous additional attraction in the area is the Trans-Siberian Railway, along the lake through bridges and tunnels. Another way to approach the lake in a tourist expedition through the Great Baikal Trail nature trails. Along its route tourists can enjoy the native flora and admire the breathtaking scenery.

Near the lake is also a growing tourist destination: the town of Listvyanka, which offers accommodation, museums and churches to learn and explore.

The lake has been included in the list of the Seven Wonders of Russia, and has impressed thousands and thousands of tourists. Among them, the prestigious film director James Cameron, who in 2010 celebrated his birthday by diving into the depths of Lake Baikal aboard a bathyscaphe. For admirers of the crystal surfaces and enthusiastic observers of aquatic life, visiting the Baikal is an unforgettable ride.

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