Iván Pávlov and Solzhenitsyn House Museum
The Pavlov heritage museum is a monument. The museum space is occupied by a real wooden house from the 19th century, where the first Russian Nobel Prize spent his childhood and youth. Currently, the stately complex includes: the main wooden house with a mezzanine (the Pavlova family lived here), a small one-story house (rented for renters), a bathhouse, farm buildings, a garden with fruit trees and berries , playgrounds for games in cities and croquet.
From time to time, thematic dances, old Russian games and theatrical performances are held in the territory of the museum of the estate of the academic I.P. Pavlov You can find information about upcoming events on the official website of the Pavlov Museum-Estate, in the “News” section.
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The city of Riazan is full of extremely important ancient buildings and monuments; both for its magnificent architecture and for its complex and long history; full of anecdotes and situations that make invaluable constructions. One of these historical jewels is found right in the center of the city, a wooden construction that perfectly exemplifies the Russian urban architecture of the early nineteenth century. This is the home where Russian physiologist and academic Ivan Pávlov; famous for his contributions to behavioral theory and the field of scientific physiology; contributions that earned him the Nobel Prize in 1904, being the first Russian to be awarded this prize.
Pavlov’s house has been converted into a museum; respecting the original architecture of the house, and several personal objects of the scientist, manuscripts written by him and the gold medal that was awarded along with the Nobel Prize are on display. Interestingly, in his time as a student Pávlov went to the most prestigious school in Riazan, number two, the same institution where years later the writer Alexandr Solzhenitsyn would teach. The school still works and at the entrance you will see a commemorative plaque in honor of the famous teacher.
The history of the Ivan Ivanovich Pavlov house
Ivan Petrovich Pavlov, future honorary member of 132 academies around the world, was born in Riazan, in a small house with a mezzanine, on September 26, 1849. In the same year, the property passed to the scientist’s father, Peter Dmitrievich, who was a local priest.
After the death of the academic’s father, the ownership of the house passed to his daughter Lydia. Ivan Petrovich himself abandoned his share of the inheritance (like his brother Dmitry) in favor of the younger sister (the age difference between Lydia and Ivan is 25 years). But another brother, Sergei, received 3,000 rubles in silver and antique furniture from the manor house. But in the years after the revolution, Pavlov’s inheritance was nationalized and only 5 years later, in 1923, it was returned to the lover. Lidia Ivanovna sold the farm in 1927: here common apartments were equipped. Tenants and owners are constantly changing, while in 1946 (the 10th anniversary of Ivan Petrovich’s death) the house does not become a museum of memory.
Pavlov’s estate in Ryazan is a unique architectural object. Here the original design of the mid-nineteenth century is preserved. The interiors of the house are accurately reproduced: inside it looks like a typical house of a poor family from the second half of the 19th century. Visitors notice the realism of the situation: it seems that the house is really residential.
Now, the exhibition includes recreation rooms of the academic family: the rooms of Pavlov’s parents, his own room, as well as the rooms of his brothers and sisters; Living room, dining room, kitchen. On the ground floor there are rooms for parents, a living room, a dining room and a kitchen. The mother’s room contains unique embroideries and handmade toys by Varvara Ivanovna herself.
At night, the family met in the living room: they read books together, listened to the music box, talked about educational topics. Now visitors can listen to the music box with the song “Night”. A realistic table is waiting for visitors in the dining room: a samovar, bagels, an old coffee maker, a guillotine to break a sugar head, traditional cakes, a glass vase with garden apples.
On the second floor there were rooms for children. In each room you can see objects of future children’s professions. Then, in Dmitry’s room, on the table there is a microscope and toolkits, he soon became a famous chemist, worked with Mendeleev and Butlerov. The room of the hunting lover, Peter, is decorated with forest trophies. Ivan Petrovich’s room is decorated with a unique collection of butterflies, collected by him personally.
The second house is occupied by the House of Science Museum, in which an exhibition dedicated to the professional activities of Ivan Petrovich is equipped. In particular, Pavlov’s famous experiments with a dog are narrated here.
How to get to the Pavlov Museum in Ryazan
The Pavlov House Museum in Ryazan is located on Pavlova Street, at number 25. You can reach many attractions of the city on foot.
The nearest public transport stop, “Artist’s House,” is located in Pervomaisky Prospekt, a 5-minute walk away (you must turn on Pavlova Street from the stop). You can reach the “Artists House” at:
The bus rest “From the artist House», № 1, 4, 7, 11, 13, 15, 16, 17, 18, 20, 21, 23, 24, 34 m3, 48 m3 and 57 m3.
Trolleybus rest “House of the artist”, No. 1, 2, 3, 5, 6, 8, 10, 16.
Taxi route rest “House of the artist”, No. 31 m2, 41 m2, 47 m2, 49 m2, 53 m2, 65 m2, 66 m2, 68 m2, 73 m2, 75 m2, 77 m2, 87 m2, 88 m2 , 91 m2, 98 m2, 99 m2.
The Pavlov House-Museum (or Pavlovskaya Manor) is an old stately complex that has preserved the comfort and atmosphere of a true Russian house. Ivan Petrovich Pavlov himself calls his father’s house “house with a mezzanine on three-window chips.”
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