What monuments to visit in Russia
What monuments to visit in Russia during your vacation here we bring it to you. What monuments to see in Russia and more alone in GuiaRus. Visiting the Monument to working women is a worthy example of learning more about the history of our nation.
Visit the Monument to working women
Between 1941 and 1945 the Red Army engaged in a period of bloody battles against Nazi soldiers; which marked the beginning of the defeat of Germany in World War II. During these years, men had to do mandatory military service; and they were sent to the battlefields to face the German enemy; which led to a strong shortage of unprecedented men in most Russian cities and in that situation women had to occupy jobs; and do work that until then was dedicated to the male workforce.
Approximately 25 kilometers from Riazan; a pedestal stands almost 15 meters high on which rests an old tractor in homage to all these women who took the reins at such an important time for the country and avoided an economic stagnation. The monument’s tractor was driven by Daria Garmash; she was in charge of promoting competitions among the brigades of women who drove tractors for those who achieved the highest performance. In addition, she was the administrator of Riazan agriculture during the sixties. And the tractor alone is already a museum piece; since it is a Universal-2 model, with an oil fuel engine with power of twenty-two horses; and maximum speed of eight kilometers per hour.
Daria Garmash’s tractor
The tractor is visible from afar, thanks to the high pedestal. On the pediment of the pedestal there is an inscription: “During the terrible years of World War II, Soviet women performed a great work feat. The first of the first was led by the competition of tractor drivers from across the Union, the glorious heroine of the land of Riazan, Daria Garmash.
“This modest monument was erected by compatriots in late 1972 as a sign of respect for the women’s labor feat Even during the life of Daria Matveevna Garmash herself Ten kilometers from Ryazan, on her side of Moscow, the old Universal-2 tractor reminds, like the familiar T-34 tanks, that the road to victory It not only extended through battlefields, but also through farmland.
In the new millennium, like any car without a garage, the tractor began to look noticeably worse due to the interruption of the sun, wind, rain and snow. In 2008, they organized an extrabudgetary fund for the reconstruction of the monument. And on May 7, 2010, on the eve of the 65th anniversary of the Victory, the restored tractor was hoisted again on a pedestal.
“Universal-2” deserved to become a monument, being the main working tool for a Stakhanovok tractor team. The work of the tractors in the back was equated with the feat of arms, because, working in the field, they carried out a combat mission. Daria Matveevna wrote in a school notebook: “The combat mission for May 5, Fomina …”. The girls worked 20 hours a day, slept suffering for 2-3 hours.
They set to work in any weather, despite the rains, the icy winds and the scorching sun. And this in the future, the tractor will acquire a cabin: the fact that the girls worked outdoors added rigor to the tests for tractor drivers. At the same time, they did not leave the fields and managed to exceed the norm several times. In memory of this, since 2004, the best machine operators in the Rybnovsky district continue the work of the best tractor driver and fight for the prize named after Daria Garmash.
When developing the Universal-2 tractor, Soviet developers took the American 1930s as a base under the name of Farmall F-20. The mechanism was nothing special. A vertical helm wheel turned a long bar that passed over the engine hood. At the front end of the rod, a small diameter straight gear transmitted the rotation to a large diameter straight gear, on the same shaft with which the bevel gear was mounted, which in turn was connected to the gear sector in the vertical axle that passed in front of the engine to the front wheels. The vertical axis of the steering mechanism was connected to the steering bars of the front wheels.
The front axle beam swayed laterally. The tractor was moving due to the four-cylinder, 22 horsepower kerosene engine with a volume of 3.6 liters. The fuel tank was between the engine and the steering wheel. On the right side were the ignition and the generator. On the left side there is a carburetor and manifolds. The pipe in the front is the intake manifold with an air filter. An exhaust manifold with an exhaust pipe came out on the engine. These machines were produced between 1934 and 1940 at the Krasny Putilovets factory in Leningrad, and from 1944 to 1955 at the Vladimir tractor plant. Throughout history, 211 thousand 500 Universal-2 left the assembly line.
The Rybnovsky tractor, which was plowing Daria Garmash, had another detail. A can was attached under the kerosene engine. It was the can that helped save fuel and break records in tractor driver competitions. In 1942, Garmash helped his team win first place in the All-Union tractor brigades competition by fulfilling the tractor’s work plan by 256%. The team, which was huge at that time, awarded 10,000 rubles for the first victory in competitions, to the fund for the construction of a tank column.
The Garmash brigade became the best in the country and held the title until 1947, when the red flag that passed was left on the team forever. Along with this, the girls not only provided food for the front and rear, but also raised money for tanks and airplanes, sent packages to the front, received evacuated people and looked after the injured.
As of May 8, 2017, the Rybnovsky tractor was protected by tank guns and anti-aircraft guns. In memory of the heroes of the front, a historic historical military complex “Frontier” appeared on the pedestal. The whole set transferred to the balance. Museum of Defense and Logistics in Bagramovo, visit where you can learn almost everything about life and work not only from Daria Matveevna, but also from other no less glorious personalities who worked for the benefit of these places.
“Frontier” covered the tractor monument for a reason. In the war years, regular military units were located in the villages of Bagramovo and Voynyukovo, which covered not only a strategic point: a Fish crossing station, but also a military airfield and the 21st Guard Aviation Regiment, located near the villages of Zhitovo and Nogino.
In November 1941, the anti-aircraft battery of the 17th tank brigade under the command of Lieutenant General Vasily Mishulin, part of the Riazan Defense Forces, occupied this historic place. At the end of December, he was replaced by the 1085th Infantry Regiment of the 322nd Infantry Division of the 10th Army, commanded by Lieutenant General Philip Golikov.
The military did everything that depended on them. Therefore, from now on, the weapons were attached to the tractor: the 57mm S-60 automatic anti-aircraft gun and the D-44 85mm split gun. The simplest but effective inventions against enemy tanks, four anti-tank hedgehogs, frame the exhibition.
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