Kolomenskoye is one of the most popular leisure parks in Moscow. Located in the subway station of the same name. But this is not only a park, but also a mansion and a museum reserve.
That is why thousands of people visit it daily. On the weekend, especially at night, from the Kolomenskaya subway station, a continuous flow of people along a narrow sidewalk goes to the farm park.
I visited Kolomenskoye more frequently than in other parks in Moscow. For 3 years living in the capital, this is the only park where I have been more than three times. Moscow has many interesting places to go, but there is not enough time and days off. The weekends with good weather are even less. Therefore, visiting the same places constantly is, in my opinion, an irrational use of time. I would like to see something new, get new impressions.
It is beautiful in spring, when apple trees bloom in the Garden of Resurrection, sweet aromas float in the park. And nothing less, and perhaps even more beautiful in the fall, when all the trees turn yellow and red, the colorful fallen leaves creak under the feet, in which children love to swarm. In spring and autumn, on a nice sunny day, there are especially many tourists with cameras. In the context of flowering apple trees in spring and yellow-red foliage in autumn, excellent photos are obtained.
Kolomenskoye in Summer vacations
In summer, it is a beautiful park where you can rest well, breathe fresh air, no matter how cheesy it sounds, take a walk along the bank of the Moscow river, take a boat or a motor boat (several routes of motor boats that pass by the Moscow river they pass through Kolomenskoye). Traditionally, exhibitions of sand sculptures are held here annually, which for some reason I could not visit.
On vacation, Kolomenskoye becomes one of the places for concerts and festivities. In winter, there are fewer people in Kolomenskoye than in the warm season. In winter, I was here only once, in Shrovetide. Even so, with the cold I don’t want to walk in the parks, you prefer some kind of warm and covered rooms.
From the history of Kolomensky
Kolomensky’s story begins in the fourteenth century. It was at this time that the first written mention of him dates back. According to legend, the town of Kolomenskoye was founded by residents of the city of Kolomna, who fled from the troops of Batu Khan, who burned his city. Kolomenskoye was the suburban residence of the Russian tsars. By his order, churches and temples were erected here. In the years 1528-1532. According to the decree of Vasily III, the Church of the Ascension of the Lord was built, which became the church of the summer house of Russian rulers. In the years 1547-1554. Ivan the Terrible erects the Church of the beheading of John the Baptist, a prototype of the Cathedral of the Intercession on the Red Square.
Manor Kolomenskoye was the beloved residence of Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich. During his reign, it reaches its peak. Alexei Mikhailovich is building a large palace with 270 rooms. The palace of Alexei Mikhailovich in Kolomenskoye’s contemporaries called the eighth wonder of the world. But this miracle only lasted 100 years. After the transfer of the Russian capital from Moscow to St. Petersburg, the palace gradually deteriorated and in 1767 its dismantling was ordered by making detailed measurements and drawings. According to these drawings, the palace was recreated in our time and is now accessible to all.
Garden of the Ascension. Its area is 5 hectares. This is one of the oldest gardens in Moscow. It is part of the great “old” sovereign garden in Kolomenskoye. Around 880 trees, mainly apple trees, grow in the garden.
The Palace Pavilion of 1825 is the only building left of the Alexander Palace. The Alexander Palace was built to replace the dilapidated and completely destroyed by the French army during the war of 1812, the Catherine Palace. The new palace became a kind of monument to Russia’s victory in the war with Napoleon. But Alejandro could not live in his new palace. The palace was built in 1825, and on November 19, 1825 the king died in Taganrog. Subsequently, the Alexander Palace in Kolomenskoye fell into disrepair and was dismantled. All that was left of him was this pavilion, which was probably used as a tea house or home theater.
Pavilion of the 1825 palace on the Kolomenskoye estate
House of Tsar Peter Alekseevich in the Kolomenskoye park. Built in 1702 by Russian and Dutch masters at the mouth of northern Dvina on the island of Markov. In the documents of the 18-19 centuries. It was called palace. Peter I lived there for two and a half months in the summer of 1702 during the construction of the Novodvinsk fortress, which was supposed to protect access to Arkhangelsk. In 1864, the fortress lost its military importance, and was transferred to the diocesan department of the Archangel along with the house. In 1877, the house was moved to the center of Ankhangelsk for better conservation. And in 1930, the house was dismantled and transferred to Moscow, the interior of the life of Peter the Great was restored and now everyone can see it, both outside and inside.
Peter I’s house on the Kolomenskoye estate
In the twenties of the last century, the famous Russian architect Baranovsky P.D. Begins to create an open-air museum of wooden architecture on the estate. From all corners of Russia, wooden architectural monuments began to be taken to Kolomenskoye. So here they were: the Bratsk prison tower, the Moss tower of the Sumy prison and the Holy Gate of the Monastery of St. Nicholas Korelsky.
The Bratsk fortress tower is one of the four corner towers of the Bratsk fortress, built by the Cossacks on the Angara River, a monument of 17th-century defense architecture. In one of these four towers, Protopop Avvakum was imprisoned at the same time. When the Bratsk hydroelectric plant was built, the place where the prison was located fell into the flood zone and one of the towers was moved to Kolomenskoye and restored.
Bratsk fortress tower on the Kolomenskoye estate
Mokhovaya Tower: part of the Sumy fortress-fortress, which defended the possessions of northern Russia in the 17th century. By the 20th century, only two of its 6 towers survived. In 1931, all that remained of the Mokhovaya Tower was decommissioned and transported to Kolomenskoye, where it was stored in the museum’s warehouses for almost 80 years. In 2003, the restorers took it, who managed to restore the monument as it was in 1680.
Holy doors of the monastery of St. Nicholas of Karelia
On the beekeeper’s farm you can get acquainted with the life and activities of the Russian beekeeper from the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Here is a wooden house with living rooms and utility rooms, a personal plot with the apiary itself. I just don’t know if there really are bees in the hives, or it’s just something like mockups.