Red Square in Moscow

For many foreign tourists, “Moscow” and “Red Square” are synonyms. This is where knowledge of the capital of Russia begins. This is where the breadth and reach of the Russian soul really feels! The Red Square is 330 meters long and 75 meters wide. In total, it occupies 24,750 square meters.

The Red Square is a place for walks in Moscow and the main attractions, thanks to which it was included in the UNESCO World Heritage List. Majestic buildings were built at different historical times until a rare architectural ensemble was formed, which we see now.

The Spasskaya, Nikolskaya and Senate towers of the Kremlin wall overlook the Red Square. Spasskaya is familiar to all Russians: we celebrate the New Year in the battle of bells installed in it.

The history

Once there was a forest on the site of the Red Square, then arable land. Since the fifteenth century, according to historians, a commercial area has appeared near the walls of the fortress. At first they called it that, it only became Red at the end of the 17th century. There were shopping centers, later, chambers of stone merchants, street vendors, there was a spontaneous “job exchange” and “parking” of taxi drivers. People entertained themselves with jesters and hunters. They immediately read the king’s decrees and organized demonstration executions.

Under Peter the Great, a public wooden theater was installed in the Red Square. In 1818, a monument to Minin and Pozharsky, the heroes of the Patriotic War of 1812, was erected, which still stands. In 1909, trams were launched through the square.

In Soviet times, the Red Square became a place for ceremonies, demonstrations, marches. In 1945, the Victory Parade was held here. He became a pedestrian only in 1963, and now it is hard to imagine what could be different.

What to see

Spasskaya, Senate and Nikolskaya are some of the ancient towers of the Kremlin, built in 1491-1492. The Nikolskaya pass tower with a door has been recently restored and the Nikola Mozhaisky icon has been restored on it.

Pokrovsky Cathedral, its full name is the Cathedral of the Protection of the Blessed Virgin, in the Moat. Better known as the Cathedral of San Basilio. Combine eleven aisles with multicolored domes. There are many legends associated with the cathedral. The researchers still do not know the name of the architect. The importance of the color of each dome is also not clear.

1990, as well as the Cathedral of Christ the Savior. Originally, the cathedral was built in the 17th century and destroyed under Stalin.

The State Department Store (GUM) is not only a place to shop (it is not cheap at all), but also a monument of architecture of federal importance. It used to be the Top Commercial Rows.

The GUM building, built in the pseudo-Russian style, is an architectural monument of federal importance.

The State Historical Museum in the late 19th century building stores more than five million exhibits and 14 million documentary materials. Only half percent of this wealth is on permanent display.
A necropolis near the Kremlin wall appeared after the 1917 revolution. More than 400 people are buried here: communists, figures of the Soviet party and the government, marshals of the Soviet Union, astronauts, scientists. Pogost was here in past centuries. St. Basil, whose name is often called Pokrovsky Cathedral, was buried in the Red Square during the time of Ivan the Terrible.

The mausoleum of V.I. Lenin, despite the extremely contradictory attitude towards him, is now part of the Red Square. It was placed in 1924. Lenin’s body lies in a transparent sarcophagus.

Where to make a beautiful photo

Choosing a good angle for a photo in the Red Square is not easy: there are always many tourists here.
All tourists are eager to reach the main square of the capital to take a picture at the bottom of the Kremlin wall or the St. Basil’s Cathedral. Walking through Red Square and not ruining someone’s shot is not an easy task. How to take a selfie so strangers don’t enter the picture.

What is the output? To arrive early in the morning, when it is already day, but most of the townspeople and guests have not yet woken up. Any photographer will tell you that at sunrise and sunset the most successful light. That is only at sunset, the Red Square will be full of people.


The Red Square is good at any time of the year and in any weather. Of course, in the heat of summer I want to hide in the shade and in winter to warm my icy hands. GUM saves: there are not only stores, but also many cafes, the legendary fountain, which brings together all who are lost in the bustling crowd, elegant galleries and successive exhibitions.

However, in winter, the Red Square looks special. It is full of a giant skating rink for 500 people. The Christmas market is very popular.


  • Free entrance to the square
  • Free entrance to the mausoleum
  • Entrance to the Cathedral of St. Basil 700 rubles, with an audio guide – 1200 rubles.
  • Entrance to the 500 rubles history museum, with an audio guide – 1100 rubles.

How to get


To Okhotny Ryad station, then directly through Manezhnaya square; to the stations “Ploshchad Revolyutsii” and “Teatralnaya”, at the exit – on the left towards the Okhotny Ryad shopping center and the Historical Museum, before the Zhukov monument left again

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