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The Basilica in the Basilica

What to see near Russia here we show you. The places of interest near Russia actually, few know them, for them we have prepared this article for you to know a little more about a very curious site. There are many places to visit near Russia, for example the Basilica in the Basilica that we will now discuss.

One of the places of interest near Russia, as already said, is the Basilica in the Basilica, and it is not a tautology, nor a typo; This is the official name of one of the most interesting attractions of the archaeological park “Quersoneso Taurian”; located a few kilometers from Sevastopol, it is a city that is in the disputed territory between Russia and Ukraine. But you can visit her on her trip to Russia. It is an orthodox medieval church, built on the principle of nesting dolls; somehow, on the contrary; the ruins of the first great basilica of the sixth century, has been used to build a smaller second, during the tenth century. Today the ruins of medieval remains are only found the small foundations of the walls; the remains of the columns and the fragments of the mosaic floor. However, the spirit of Byzantine solemnity still looms.

The basilica in the basilica is not a tautology or a typo, but the official name of one of the most interesting places in the archaeological park “Tauric Chersonesos”, located a few kilometers from Sevastopol. We are talking about a medieval Orthodox church built on the principle of nesting dolls; however, somehow, on the contrary: the ruins of the first major basilica of the 6th century were used to build a second minor century. Today, small remains of medieval ruins, only the foundations of the walls, the surviving remains of columns and fragments of the mosaic floor. However, the spirit of Byzantine solemnity still looms here, and very close to the endless expanses of the Black Sea.

History of the Basilica

The architectural complex “Basilica in the Basilica” in the “Taurian Chersonese” was discovered during the archaeological excavations in 1889. Almost on the same shore of the Black Sea experts, the two basilicas were found, one with respect to the other; obviously, belonging to different periods. The study of artifacts revealed that the first, the great basilica was built in the sixth century; during the existence of the Byzantine emperor Justiniano I.

In the 10th century the temple was destroyed, but the ruins were left for a long time: by the end of the 10th century, a second one was built in the first basilica, which was so small that it completely fits into the old central nave. With the construction of this temple the fragments of the previous one were widely used, so the throne was built from the first columns of the basilica. In the 12th-13th centuries, a laundry, a chapel and a crypt were built in the temple. At the end of the 13th century, the basilica was destroyed by fire and has since been restored.

The architectural complex “Basilica in the Basilica” in the territory of “Tauric Chersonesos” was discovered as a result of archaeological excavations in 1889. Almost on the Black Sea coast line, experts came across two basilicas included among themselves, clearly of Different periods The study of the artifacts allowed to establish that the first large basilica was built in the sixth century under the Byzantine emperor Justinian I. In the tenth century, the temple was destroyed, but did not remain in ruins for a long time: at the end of the century X, the second one was built from the remains of the first basilica, which was so small that it fits completely in the former central aisle of the first nave. During the construction of this temple, the fragments of the previous one were widely used, so the throne was built from the columns of the first basilica. In the 12th and 13th centuries, service rooms were added to the temple, a chapel and an underground tomb. At the end of the 13th century, the basilica was destroyed by fire and has not been restored since then.

What to see in the Basilica

The Basilica in the Basilica is located in the coastal area of ​​the archaeological park. Visitors look at the remains of a majestic Byzantine church built on the classical principle: there is a large central hallway overlooking the altar and a cross. The ruins of the foundation walls rise approximately 1 m, it is worth paying attention to the sandstone blocks, of which the temple was built, connected by the old “concrete”. The base wall discerns the contours of the felled columns of the first temple.

The basilica in the basilica is located in the coastal part of the archaeological park. Visitors can see the remains of the majestic Byzantine temple, built according to the classical principle: with a large central passage: a nave overlooking the altar and a transverse cruise. The ruins of the base of the walls rise approximately 1 m, it is worth paying attention to the sandstone blocks with which the temple was built, fastened with an old “cement”. And at the base of the walls, the contours of the fallen columns of the first temple are guessed.

The nave of the first basilica is easy to recognize: it was here that the second chamber was located; Its arches were supported by marble columns restored by archaeologists in their original places. In the semicircular apse that crowns the ship, you will see the altar, the top of the column with the Corinthian capital.

The basilica in the basilica is especially famous for its mosaics. The medieval masters here represent numerous Christian symbols: doves, a bowl, a rhombus, a circle, an anchor … At the entrance of the basilica, you can still read fragments of a mosaic inscription in Greek, which supposedly said: “Everything encouragement praise the Lord. ” The most skillful mosaics of the ruins are kept in the archaeological museum of the complex.

The first basilica is easy to recognize: this is where it housed the second chamber; Its arches are supported by marble columns, rebuilt by archaeologists in their original locations. The semicircular apse, which crowns the nave, is the altar, which is formed at the top by a column with Corinthian capitals.

The Basilica in the Basilica is especially famous for its mosaics. Medieval masters have represented numerous Christian symbols here: tiles, cups, diamonds, circles, anchors. At the entrance of the basilica it is still possible to read the writings of the inscription in a mosaic in Greek, which supposedly said: “Whoever breathes praise the Lord.” The most preserved mosaics of the ruins are kept in the archaeological museum complex.

What to see near Russia and much more only in GuiaRus.

 

 

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