The beautiful stations of the Moscow Metro
The underground galleries. With mosaic panels and sculptures. Moscow Metro Every fourth station is a cultural heritage site. It seems that trains are here just so you can see this beauty … Natalya Letnikova walked the subway for aesthetic and educational purposes.
Mayakovskaya An art deco masterpiece of world importance. In 1939 – Grand Prix of the World Exhibition in New York. Architect Alexei Dushkin, working on the project, read Mayakovsky and listened to Prokofiev. As a result, the steel of a real aircraft, the rhodonite of the Urals, a mosaic sky over Moscow. Mosaic “Day of the country of the Soviets” based on sketches by Alexander Dayneki and “And heaven, forgotten in the smoke that blue” …
“Novoslobodskaya”. “Stone flower” – Muscovites called “Novoslobodskaya” in the middle of the last century. In the stained glass windows of the era of socialist realism: power engineer, geographer, architect, musician, artist, agronomist and intricate patterns. A native of Palekh, the hereditary icon painter Pavel Korin sought ornaments on brocade fabrics. The stained glass windows themselves are the work of glass artisans from Riga stored in the Dome Cathedral.
“Revolution Square”. “New World” Gallery. 20 images Behind the bronze statues are their stories: the sailor-signalist – Olimpiy Rudakov, who pretended to be a cadet, and the first rank captain, while in England, they danced with Elizabeth II on the day of the coronation, and their traditions: rub the noses of dogs, student shoes, flags flags and inventors compasses.
“Partisan.” “Stadium”, “Izmailovsky Park” … The station changed its name more than once. The current caused by life. The meeting place of former supporters. Monuments to the heroes of the Soviet Union. Partisan Zoe Kosmodemyanskoy: the first woman awarded with this high rank. Posthumously. And Matvey Kuzmin, a peasant who, at the cost of his life, led the Nazis to machine-gun fire of Soviet troops. The secret museum of military glory.
Novokuznetsk “. Monument to dedication and courage. Defenders of Sevastopol, Odessa, Stalingrad, Leningrad …” Novokuznetsk “was built at the height of the war. In the city of Neva, Vladimir Frolov created cheerful mosaics that adorned the arches Paints made of smalt according to Daineka’s sketches developed in the frozen workshop of the besieged city The artist’s last work was delivered to the capital along the Path of Life Vladimir Frolov died in the besieged city in February 1942 .
“Roman”. The only source in the Moscow metro. Water does not flow, but flows, as expected, into the dungeon, in the ancient columns and marble legs of babies Romulus and Remus. The founder and the first emperor of the Eternal City are sitting at the “Roman” station. Italian artists Jean Paulo Imbrigi, Alberto Cuatrocci and Russian sculptor Leonid Berlin were in charge of the presence of “Roman monuments” in the subway.
“Komsomolskaya.” Moscow gate The top of the Stalinist Empire. The work of the patriarch of Soviet architecture Alexei Schusev. The author of the mausoleum, the central telegraph and the Kazan station sang the glory and courage of the Russian army. Alexander Nevsky, Dmitry Donskoy, Alexander Suvorov, Mikhail Kutuzov. Timeless Heroes of the Soviet era – Molotov, Beria, Kaganovich, Stalin – one after another disappeared from the painting “Presentation of the flag of the guards”. Now in the mosaic: Lenin with the Red Guards.
Dostoevskaya At the crossroads of tragedy and the grotesque. Dostoevsky’s works in the Florentine mosaic. “Crime and punishment”, “Idiot”, “Demons”, “Karamazov Brothers”. There were many questions about the design of the station. Raskolnikov with an ax. Kirillov with a gun. The author, artist Ivan Nikolaev, on the possibility of remaking the work: “It’s like asking Repin to paint smiles in the painting” Ivan the Terrible is killing his son “.
“Kiev.” 18 mosaics made of semi-precious stones. Friendship of the Russian and Ukrainian peoples. Starting from Pereyaslavskaya, when the Cossacks decided to join with Russia. One of the entrances to the station is Art Nouveau style. Decorated by French architects in the tradition of the early twentieth century. The gift back to the Paris metro is the stained glass window “Ryaba Kurochka”. Kremlin stars, a double-headed eagle, a samovar and a black square … Installed near the Louvre, at the Madeleine station.
“Sparrow Hills”. Subway station, observation deck, exhibition hall. Then, by the way, going to work, to see China, from Gzhel to Dulevo. Puppets of the Obraztsov Theater, one of which is Sergey Vladimirovich in person. Or a window to another era: the exhibition “Passengers”. Costumes that have half a century. With the inscription “fighter” – Kondraty Ermakov, whom he bought on credit in 1954. In it, Kondraty Selivanovich was on duty at Sokolniki Park, where he met his future wife … History. Metro and its passengers.