What to see in Inkerman
What to see in Inkerman if you are traveling or hiking in the Crimea. What to see in the city of Inkerman in Russia is a unique opportunity to see places that do not frequent much. How to get to the city of Inkerman in Russia here we tell you.
For a long time there was a stubborn struggle between the Byzantines and the Genoese, and after Inkerman was captured by the Turkish army.
As already noted, the main feature of this place was the presence of numerous caves. The Christians took refuge in them in the first century AD. C., and around the 8th century a monastery was organized here, which reached the 21st century. In this cave monastery, the most famous are three temples carved into the rock, each of which is made according to the Byzantine model. In the twentieth century, this monastery was closed, but in the 1990s, the rebirth of the monastery began.
Inkerman is also known worldwide for its old wine factory. This company was organized in the 1960s based on old advertisements. It is believed that the plant produces some of the best Crimean wines. Many of the brands are recognized in Europe. The peculiarity is that all wines are aged in special oak barrels under special conditions of humidity and temperature.
How to get to the city of Inkerman in Russia
Inkerman is a city that is located on the Crimean peninsula, with a history of over a thousand years. It is located at the confluence of the Negro River in the bay of Sevastopol. Inkerman is officially considered part of Sevastopol, and refers to the district of Balaklava.
Every year, thousands of tourists who vacation in Sevastopol, come here to witness the main historical significance of these places, such as the famous Kalamita fortress. Actually Inkerman started from the fortress.
What to see in the city of Inkerman in Russia – History
In the sixth century the Byzantines built a fortress to defend the land borders of Quersoneso. After another 2 centuries, Christian church complexes, built on the rocks, were built in Kalam.
Later in the 14th century it became an important commercial port of Theodoro. Prince Alexei completely rebuilt the Byzantine city, but the quality of the new fortifications left much to be desired, since in the middle of the year 1430, Kalamita ended up burned by the Genoese. In 1470 the time came for the Turks, who changed the name of the city-fortress, calling it “Inkerman” and was partially rebuilt for the ease of the use of firearms.
It was his only contribution to the development of this area. During the Turkish rule, the city lost its former importance and ended up completely abandoned. In the Crimea, the majestic fortress became part of the Russian Empire, even though it was in ruins.
There were intense fighting between the English army and Russian forces. In the second half of the 19th century, Inkerman first emerged in a long time. In the settlement a railway station was built, or rather, a modest stop with the same name. During the Great Homeland, most of the buildings were destroyed. After the war, stones began to be extracted, and in 1976, the city was named “Belokamensk” by the mouth of the Black River. Subsequently, in 1991 it was named (Inkerman).
The city has two small beaches, one called “Inkerman”, and another beach in the old quarry.
The first is in the park near the passenger ship dock. The beach is very well equipped despite its modest size. There are tons of river sand, installed benches, awnings and trash cans.
The second beach is located in an old quarry. Its length is 100 meters. The quarry is filled with pure water.
The main historical values that can be seen with guided excursions in the city are the Calamita fortress and the Inkerman Monastery. The monastery was founded between the 8th and 9th centuries BC in honor of Roman Bishop Clement, who went into exile in Crimea, where he preached Christianity.
The Zagaytanskoe fortification, former Crimean settlement of Tauris, appeared around the 8th century BC. The complex includes more than 300 cave structures and is very similar to a honeycomb. The surviving fragments are located south of the Calamita fortress, on the hill between the road and the left bank of the Black River.
Once the Inkerman winery was visited by the French actor and winemaker Zherar Deparde (by the way now Zherar Deparde has his residence in the city of Moscow). In the guestbook he wrote that they make the best wine in the world there.
The city is famous for the Inkerman Winery. Here, you will find the base of the stone mines, on the shore of the Ahtiarskoy bay, in large oak barrels, where the maturing of classic Crimean wines is found. Everyone can visit the production. It is necessary to book in advance.
Kalamita’s Inkerman fortress
The entrance to the fortress is free. There are no time limits for visits. The city of Inkerman is located in the Balaklava district of Sevastopol. One day, with a trip to the fortress, they generally plan to visit the Monastery of San Clemente. The plateau on which the fortress is located offers a magnificent view of the mountains and the river. Especially beautiful views can be found at sunset. You must be careful when climbing, as there are no barriers.
The history of the fortress of Kalamita
Approximately Kalamita was erected in the 6th century, in all likelihood, to guarantee trade protection between the steppes and the Chersonese.
Until now, the ruins remained since the fortress of the early fifteenth century. At that time, during the implementation of maritime trade between the Crimean steppes and the medieval Gothic, the fortress of Kalamita was a very important seaport.
During the heyday of the Christian principality of Theodoro in southwest Tavrika (in some sources dating back to the 15th century, it is called Mangupsky), the port of Avlita, located on the Chernaya River, began to develop. For a more reliable defense, Prince Alexei (nicknamed Mangupsky) rebuilt the fortress. But under the attack of the Turks, the principality, however, fell.
To strengthen their positions on the coasts of two seas, the Ottoman conquerors dedicated themselves to the reconstruction of old fortresses, as well as the construction of new ones. This fate did not overlook Kalamita, became for the use of firearms and remained under its authority until the conclusion of the Kucuk-Kainardzhi peace agreement in 1774.
The fortress was named by the Inkerman Turks (translated as “cave fortress”), which corresponded to reality, the fortification has numerous caves. Some were used for protection, others for household needs, others as religious and residential. Many caves appeared as a result of the extraction of white stone. Even before the formation of the Principality of Theodoro, the caves had underground Christian churches, monasteries, ancient cells.
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