The official residence of the President of the Russian Federation
The state assigned to the president of Russia in late 2008 – early 2009 was only four objects: the Moscow Kremlin, “Gorki-9”, “Bocharov Ruchey” in Sochi and “Long Beards” in Valdai.
The state of the residence officially assigned to the President of Russia at the end of 2008 – early 2009 was only for four objects: the Kremlin, Gorki-9, Bocharov Ruchey in Sochi and Dolgie Beards in Valdai.
The work residence of the president of the Russian Federation in the Kremlin is in the Senate building (in the 19th century it was called the construction of public places, in the 20th century, the building of the Council of Ministers of the USSR).
The Senate building was built in 1779-1787 by Russian architect Matvey Kazakov in the style of classicism. In 1995, the Senate Palace was restored.
The residence of the President of Russia in the Senate Palace consists of commercial and representative (ceremonial) parts. The commercial part includes the president’s work and representation offices, the offices of his closest assistants, the Security Council meeting room and the presidential library.
The cabinet is small and more convenient for the job. The walls are upholstered with oak panels. Along the walls there are shelves with unique books and reference books.
In the center of the room is the president’s desk. On the table is the coat of arms of the Russian Federation. To the right and left of the desk are the flag of the Russian Federation and the president’s standard, respectively. Closer to the window is another table, for negotiations, business meetings and meetings with immediate assistants.
The representative (ceremonial) office is more solemnly decorated than all other work rooms. It is located in the Small Hall of the Senate Palace. The meetings of the president of Russia with the heads of foreign states, the negotiations are held here, the high state awards are presented. On the president’s desk are symbols of the Russian state and attributes of the presidential power: the coat of arms, the flag of Russia and the president’s standard. On the walls there are portraits of Russian statesmen and military leaders who brought considerable glory to Russia.
In the building 14 of the Kremlin, next to the Spassky Gate, the second work cabinet of the president is equipped. In the building there are rooms for receptions, meetings, ceremonial rooms. The Marble Hall adjoins the work area of the building, in which the president speaks with an annual message to the Federal Assembly. Behind the area of the facade of the building 14 there is an extensive work area, where part of the divisions of the presidential administration, including departments, administrative services, referents, press service, assistants and advisors, are located. and the secretary of the Security Council. In building 14 there are also units of the Federal Security Service, the office of the commander of the Moscow Kremlin.
The Grand Kremlin Palace, built by the famous architect Konstantin Ton in 1838-1849, serves as the principal residence of the head of state. Here are the ceremonies of the inauguration of the president, the presentation of state awards, credentials, receptions on the occasion of the main holidays. Five ceremonial rooms on the second floor of the palace – Andreevsky, Aleksandrovsky, Georgievsky, Vladimirsky, Catherine – are dedicated to Russian orders, whose elements are included in the stucco decoration of each room.
“Arroyo de Bocharov”
The summer residence of the president of Russia “Bocharov Ruchey” is located in the valley of the homonymous forest park of the Central District of the city of Sochi, Krasnodar territory.
The dacha was named after a small river that flows nearby, which the locals called Bocharov Stream.
The construction of the summer house Bocharov Ruchey began at the initiative of the town commissioner for military and naval affairs, Klement Voroshilov, immediately after Stalin’s death and was completed in 1955. The project architect was Miron Merzhanov. The landscaping was carried out under the direction of the agronomist-decorator Sergey Venchagov.
- Since 1960, the top leaders of the USSR have rested here: Khrushchev, Brezhnev, Suslov.
With the collapse of the Soviet Union, Bocharov Ruchey became the only country house owned by the Russian government in the Black Sea and acquired the official residence status of the President of Russia.
The main building here is a beautiful two-story building, made in the style of Stalinist classicism, with large windows and high ceilings. On the second floor there is a living room with capacity for 20 people, a work office, a bedroom of the head of state, guest apartments. All furniture is made of precious wood. Part of the interior retains the style of the 1950s, another part is more modern. On the ground floor there are security rooms, a small movie theater.
In addition to the presidential apartments in Bocharov Ruche, there are several more buildings: a room for negotiations and receptions, a cabin for the head of the presidential administration and a cabin for the prime minister.
The president’s residence is equipped with a helipad, two swimming pools, with fresh and sea water, a gym by the sea. On the beach – a dock for the presidential ship “Caucasus”.
Boris Yeltsin built an indoor tennis court in the territory of Bocharov Ruchey, and Vladimir Putin organized a press center.
The Bocharov Ruchei residence is under reliable surveillance: border patrol boats are on the road in front of the Black Sea coast, and the cabin is separated by two city fences. The first, reinforced concrete, encloses the outer perimeter of the residence. The second, made of metal mesh, surrounds the park and all the buildings located in the territory.
The state residence “Gorki-9” is located 15 kilometers from Moscow.
By decree of President Putin “On guarantees to the president of the Russian Federation, who ceased to exercise his powers, and to his family members,” the residence remained with Boris Yeltsin. But later, Yeltsin decided to move to Barvikha. After that, the residence “Gorki-9” was not used.
After assuming the position of President Dmitry Medvedev, Gorki-9 became his official residence. This is the largest of all the residences of the head of state, there are residential and work areas, a special helipad is equipped.
The Long Beards residence is located 20 kilometers from the city of Valdai, in the Novgorod region.
In Soviet times, it was destined for the rest of senior government officials. According to the archival data, Nikita Khrushchev and Nikolai Ryzhkov were resting there, and already in the post-Soviet era, the former president of the Russian Federation, Boris Yeltsin, loved to come.
The neighboring rezidentsieyderevnya – long beards – his name acquired with Pedro I de. Supposedly, when the king collected taxes on men with beards, dissatisfied with the innovation of men with beards hidden here from royal publicans.
The cabin itself, a small two-story cabin, is located on a 52-hectare peninsula, located between the Valdai and Dinner lakes.
In the immediate vicinity of the residence is the Valdai Nature Reserve, in whose forests there are lynx, wild boar, wolves, elk, bears, squirrels and raccoons.
Russian President Dmitry Medvedev also uses the Zavidovo hunting estate (official name “Rus”) in the Tver region and Mayendorf Castle near Moscow to receive distinguished guests. The castle is the representative residence of the Presidential Administration.
The history of Mayendorf Castle began in 1874, when General Kazakova’s daughter, Nadezhda Alexandrovna, convinced her father to build the castle in the spirit of medieval cavalry novels. It was then that, apart from the small town of Podushkino (near Barvikha), a miniature building was built on the banks of a beautiful lake. The husband of the general’s daughter, a descendant of the oldest baronial clan Mayendorf, rebuilt the house to his liking. The castle acquired a tower and a brick wall, on the ground floor of the fireplace room tapestries hung by Benoit. After the revolution, the Mayendorfs were forced to go abroad. They did not come home again.
After the October Revolution, Vladimir Lenin lived and worked in the castle for some time, and in 1935, the Barvikha sanatorium of the Council of Ministers of the USSR was organized in the territory of the former noble state. Here, at different times, Mikhail Bulgakov, Sergey Korolev and Yuri Gagarin stayed or rested. Now the castle belongs to the Presidential Administration.
During travel or leisure, the president also uses informal residences, which include Shuy Chupa in Karelia, Pines near Krasnoyarsk, Volzhsky Skal in the Samara region, Angarsk Farms near Irkutsk, Tantalum (Saratov region) and others
The office of the President of the Russian Federation is located in the Konstantinovsky Palace in Strelna, near St. Petersburg and in the Boris Yeltsin Presidential Library.
The residences of former Russian presidents, the home of Boris Yeltsin in Barvikha and Vladimir Putin in Novo-Ogaryovo, have received the status of state transfers, and are no longer the residences of the president of Russia.
The head of state can use several regions of Russia for work and leisure, and then his place of residence becomes the temporary residence of the president.