Thousands of tourists come to Moscow annually from all over the country and from abroad. But what can a tourist see in Moscow and where to go to a local resident? Contrary to popular belief, the tourist Moscow does not end with the Kremlin, but begins with it. Moscow has many wonderful and amazing places to walk. Tsaritsyno is one of those places. You can come here as part of a day trip, just take a walk on a warm summer afternoon or visit the part of the Tsaritsyno museum if you want to admire the farm not only outside but also inside. The Tsaritsyno Park is considered a conservation area, so several rules apply to its territory, which must be observed by the visitor.
The natural wonder in the urban heart of Moscow
The entrance to the Tsaritsyno park is prohibited with animals and bicycles. The rules of behavior in the park can be studied in detail on the official website of the Tsaritsyno Museum Reserve. How to get to Tsaritsyno Two metro stations Tsaritsyno and Orekhovo are located right next to the Tsaritsyno park. And if in the case of the park in Kolomenskoye it is not so important where to start exploring the territory, then with Tsaritsyno this approach will not work. Like a theater that begins with a hanger, it is better to enter Tsaritsyno Park through the main entrance, if you do not go up to the theater through the back door, it will also take you, but what about the red carpet? The main entrance to the Tsaritsyno park is next to the Tsaritsyno metro station. From the station you must pass under the railway bridge and here we are. But after inspecting the entire territory, you can leave Tsaritsyno from Orekhovo station, which is very close to the park exit. The park’s territory is so large that after a walk in the park and visiting the museum’s force exhibits to return to the Tsaritsyno metro station, it may not remain. Through the door, as if you were in a fairy tale.
History of Russian royalty in the park of Moscow
The entrance to the park separates us from reality and from the bustling metropolis takes us to the 18th century. Of course, this is a way of speaking, and you still do not understand how the flower beds do not understand at what age the time machine moved us, it will be recognized later when we arrive at the Tsaritsyno palace and park complex. Meanwhile, a nice snack. Before our eyes we see a beautiful composition in the form of the Tsaritsino Medio pond with a small, horseshoe-shaped bulk island, where the source of light and music is located.
Two bridges lead to the fountain, and benches are installed around the fountain so that at night you can comfortably enjoy the beauty of the illuminated water jets. In the afternoon, the heat is very difficult to find in the sun, and there is no vegetation near the source, but the shade of the trees is sufficient around the pond. We turn the pond to the right, so that the Middle Tsaritsino pond remains to the left, and to the right the extension of the Upper Tsaritsino pond becomes visible. In this part of the pond there is a small island called Bird Island. There are two more islands in the upper Tsaritsyno pond, and the pond itself is very large, walking around will be problematic.
The upper and middle ponds are separated by a dam. Further on, on Vozdushnaya street, we go directly to the most interesting, to the whole palace and park Tsaritsyno. To get to Tsaritsyno Palace, you must pass under the Figured Bridge, or climb it, for this there is a nearby staircase. The figurative bridge is one of the first buildings in Tsaritsyno, and its architect was Vasily Bazhenov, who built for the Empress Catherine II this bridge and the entire palace complex.
The bridge was erected at the intersection of the main entrances of the Tsaritsyno estate, so it can be considered as a gate to the estate, and the intricate architecture gives it the appearance of a real defensive structure with towers and lagoons. The bridge has survived to this day almost intact, so when we look at it we see it exactly as Bazhenov planned and built it. To the left of the bridge is the building of the Third Cavalry Corps and the temple of the Icon of the Mother of God “Spring that gives life” in Tsaritsyno.
A beautiful Museum adorned with lakes, bridges and landscapes.
The first church on this site appeared in 1683, then the wooden building was replaced by a stone one. The temple was last rebuilt in 1765. A little further is the Great Bridge over the ravine. The construction of the Bolshoi bridge remained incomplete Bazhenov, the empress withdrew it from the construction of her residence before the bridge was completed. It was finished only in the 19th century. If we return to the Figured Bridge and walk to the right, then we surround the main palace, pass the Semicircular Palace and the Opera House, we will go to the Grape Gate. Initially, the door was called Curly.
The name Grape appeared in the twentieth century thanks to an intricate decoration that resembles a bunch of grapes hanging over the span of the door. The doors serve as a conditional boundary between the park area and the architectural ensemble. They also complete the current perspective between the large and medium bridges.
Well, after passing under the Figured Bridge we find ourselves in the amphitheater of the Tsaritsyno architectural complex. There are several foundations in front of the Grand Palace. To the right of the palace are the foundations of the Chamber-Yunfar Corps. And in front of the Grand Palace of Tsaritsino, the foundation of the Great Cavalry Corps, built by Bazhenov in 1784 and dismantled by Kazakov, the second architect of the Catherine Palace in 1795.
To the left of the Grand Palace is the First Cavalry Corps, built by Bazhenov himself. But the main pearl of the whole set is, without a doubt, the Grand Palace itself. Palace with a history of destruction. The Tsaritsyn whole project was approved, and in 1776 a grandiose construction began, which lasted for more than a decade. The project was difficult, Bazhenov even had to take loans in his own name to complete the construction. Catherine II examined the buildings in 1785 and her verdict was overwhelming for Bazhenov. The empress did not like the palace categorically. Catherine ordered the dismantling of the palace.
The new architect was named Matvey Kazakov, a student of Bazhenov, who dedicated himself to building a new palace. The construction was hard and long. Catherine II died in 1796, when the construction of the Tsaritsyno palace was completed at the project level. From this moment the story of the withering of the Tsaritsino Palace begins. The palace did not like any of the heirs of the throne, and the royal residence of Tsaritsino did not. The Grand Palace is connected to the House of Bread by a gallery with an arch. In front of the Bread House there is a monument to two architects who worked on the construction of the architectural complex Tsaritsyno Bazhenov and Kazakov.